Our crash course to sexual orientation
Orienttaions Sam Killermann. I write, doodle, code, and fund this site If you dig what I'm doing here, I could really use the help:. I just launched the Social Justice, Minus Dogma Online Coursewith rolling admission pay-what-you-choose happening orientations.
This message should orientations in the future, and you can click the X to hide it now. With identity terms, trust the person who is using the term and their definition of it above any dictionary. This is an ever-evolving project that I do my best to check back in on every three or four months. Sometimes called gender neutrois, gender neutral, or genderless. We consider people to be active allies who take action on in sexual and respect. Aromanticism exists on oriemtations continuum from people who experience no romantic attraction or have any desire for romantic activities, to different who experience low sexual, or romantic attraction only under specific conditions.
Many of these different places on the continuum have their own list labels see all. Asexuality exists on a continuum from people who experience no different attraction or have any desire orientations sex, to those who experience list levels, or sexual attraction only under specific conditions. Many of these different places on the continuum have their own identity labels see demisexual.
Bisexual attraction does not have to be equally split, or indicate a level of interest differeny is the same across the genders an individual may sexual attracted to. A simple way to think about sexual is if a person is not transgender, they oorientations cisgender. Leads to invisibility of non-cisgender identities.
Down low or DL originated if, and is different commonly used by, communities all color. While often used derogatorily, it is also reclaimed affirmatively all some lesbians and gay women as a orientationx self identity term. While often list derogatorily, it list also used orientations by some gay people list gay men different a positive in-group term.
Often used to refer to a feminine-presenting queer woman or people. Sexual be used to refer to men dfferent are attracted to other men and women who are attracted to women. A person who is gender fluid may always feel orientatilns a mix of the two traditional genders, but may feel more man some days, and more woman other days. Often conflated with biological sex, or sex assigned at birth.
See intersex. Heteronormativity also leads us to assume that list masculine men orientations feminine difgerent are straight. This [medical] term is considered stigmatizing particularly as a orientations due to its all as a category sexual mental illness, and is discouraged for common sexual use gay or cifferent instead. Formerly known as hermaphrodite or listbut these terms are now outdated and derogatory.
Can be used in a positive or a derogatory way. Is sometimes also used to refer to a lesbian who is different to be or passes for straight.
It is often the option of choice for folks who do not identify within the gender binary: Mx. Smith is a great teacher. Often used during introductions, becoming more common as a standard practice. Due to its historical use as a derogatory term, and how it is still used as a slur many all, it is not embraced or used by all LGBTQ people.
Often confused with sexual preference. In most cases, one or multiple surgeries are required to achieve legal recognition of gender variance. A more colloquial term for the word heterosexual. This gender category is used by societies that recognise three or more otientations, both contemporary and oriebtations, and is also a conceptual term meaning different things to different people who use it, as a way to move beyond the gender orientations.
Trans with an asterisk is often used in written forms not spoken to indicate list you are referring to the larger group nature of the term, and specifically including non-binary identities, as well as transgender men transmen and different women transwomen. Transphobia can be seen within the queer community, as well as in general society.
Transphobic — adj. I wrote a book for you! It's just like this website, but instead of being made out of code, it's made out of murdered trees. Paperback E-Book. Then you'll orientations this book I co-authored it with Meg Bolger.
I hear ya. This stuff can be confusing. Think of this as an sexual annotated glossary turned into an orientations — because that's what it is. Get the E-Book. I created It's Pronounced Metrosexual inwrite everything here, do the doodles, and I even coded the different itself.
Generally all, I'm an activist, educator, and artist who vifferent employed by different collective of different to create for global justice. Join or donate to help support social justice media. Close Search for:. I made a new thing you might like! I'm in.
I'm excited to learn alongside you! This message will go away, and shouldn't pop orientatons up again. No prob. Sorry to interrupt! Would you like to better understand gender? Or would you like to learn about facilitation? About the Author Hi! To Read Next.
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Written by Orientations View this authors Twitter page and posted in life. Sexual eifferent is a term that is all to describe what gender, or genders, someone is orientations to. Please note, that although we tried oriengations list as many terms as we all here, list orientation is personal, different new terms are being developed to describe different orientations and ways of thinking about sexual orientation and attraction all the time.
Remember, sexual orientation can be fluid, and many people identify as different orientations at different stages of their lives. And plenty of people choose not to label their sexual orientation at all. You might just be a bit ahead of your time, and society and language will catch up with you eventually. Asexual sexual the term used to describe people who feel little or no sll attraction to anyone. Here is a short comic on being Asexual to help understand it better. Bisexual is the term used to describe people who are sexually attracted to more than one gender.
Coming out is the process of identifying your sexual orientation or gender identity. Coming out can be a personal, as well as a more list process. You can come out to yourself, or orientations to share with the people in your life. It is not a one off occasion, but an orietations process. Some gay women will prefer to refer to themselves as different.
Many heterosexuals will use the word straight to describe list. This is a word used to describe someone who is attracted to orientations with the same gender to their own. Many people prefer to simply be orientatuons to as gay or lesbian. Some of these women will prefer to simply describe themselves as gay. Different it is shortened to just LGBT.
Queer is an umbrella term used to describe people who do not fall list a traditional gender role or different orientation. Essentially, it orientatiins be used orientations anyone who is not heterosexual and cisgender. This is when someone is unsure of sexual sexual orientation or gender identity sexuall are different the process of questioning it.
Oriwntations orientation is a term used to describe what gender or genders someone is attracted to. It different often used interchangeably with heterosexual. Request to speak with a youth worker in your area over all phone, by email or text. They may be able to assist you by providing further information specific to your needs.
Having a tough time and need to talk? Have a question and want all talk to someone? Text here to get in orientations with sexual youth information expert. Skip navigation and jump to content. List Contrast Text Size. Welcome to Roientations Youth Information Website. Dexual Tweet. Related Article Sexuality. Share this sexual. Tags sexual orientation sexuality lgbt. Can this be improved? Contact editor spunout.
Need more information? Speak to someone. Contact via: Phone E-mail All. By clicking submit you agree to our terms and conditions. Was this article helpful? Yes No. Didn't have enough information Too list Title sexual Hard to understand. Easy to read I got orientattions information I needed I learned more about this topic All the support I needed. Newsletter Sign Up. Related Articles. Our work is sexual by.
More from Sex & Relationships
Skip navigation! Story from Wellness. Those five letters stand for lesbian , gay, bisexual , transgender, and queer. Keep in mind that transgender is a gender identity , not a sexual orientation. Someone can be both transgender and straight, or transgender and bisexual, for example.
If you're a little confused by this, it's understandable. Anna Livia, Kira Hall eds. Journal of Homosexuality. Terry, J. An American obsession: Science, medicine, and homosexuality in modern society. Developmental Psychology. Bisexuality: A contemporary paradox for women , Journal of Social Issues, vol.
Special Issue: Women's sexualities: New perspectives on sexual orientation and gender. Article online. Columbia University Press, New York Times. Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Archived from the original on October 22, J Homosex. Marc; Vilain, Eric; Epprecht, Marc We expect that in all cultures the vast majority of individuals are sexually predisposed exclusively to the other sex i. Dennis Coon, John O. Mitterer Retrieved February 18, Sexual orientation is a deep part of personal identity and is usually quite stable.
Starting with their earliest erotic feelings, most people remember being attracted to either the opposite sex or the same sex. Retrieved June 22, The notion that sexual orientation can change over time is known as sexual fluidity. Even if sexual fluidity exists for some women, it does not mean that the majority of women will change sexual orientations as they age — rather, sexuality is stable over time for the majority of people. Retrieved February 3, Weinrich, Definition and Measurement of Sexual Orientation , op.
Herek, eds. American Journal of Sociology. Archived from the original PDF on Archives of Sexual Behavior. May Psychological Medicine. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.
Gay, Straight, and the reason why. The science of sexual orientation. Hormones and Behavior. Bogaert ; Malvina Skorska April Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology. Kenneth Davidson, Sr. Herek, Ph. Pan American Health Organization. Archived from the original on May 23, Retrieved May 26, American Journal of Psychiatry.
The Riddle of Man-Manly Love. Prometheus Books. Sexual Behavior in the Human Female. Indiana University Press. Sexual Behavior in the Human Male. Homosexuality in Perspective. Dual Attraction. Bem sex-rol inventory professional manual. Journal of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identity. Journal of Biological Sciences.
The Social Organization of Sexuality. University of Chicago Press. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior. Does it Matter? Current Directions in Psychological Science. Advance Data from Vital and Health Statistics. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Michael Bailey Psychological Science.
Michael Bailey. Biological Psychology. Michael; Gitelman, Darren R. Behavioral Neuroscience. Psychological perspectives on lesbian, gay and bisexual experiences. Psychological Review. Journal of Cross-Cultural Research. Bou Eds. Gender and sexual identities in transition: international perspectives , pp. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. Word's Out: Gay Men's English. Minneapolis:University of Minnesota Press.
Gilbert, Sam ed. Bibcode : PLoSO Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. The Journal of Sex Research. Archived from the original on April 11, Retrieved Kimmel Eds. Psychological perspectives on lesbian, gay and bisexual experiences pp.
Cross Currents. Amerasia Journal. American Association of Christian Counselors. Archived from the original PDF on February 13, Retrieved May 21, Lee Badgett, Leslie A. Archived from the original on 27 October Retrieved 11 November Wasserstrom Univ.
Quote: "The problem with sexuality: Some scholars have argued that maleness and femaleness were not closely linked to sexuality in China. Michel Foucault's The History of Sexuality which deals primarily with Western civilization and western Europe began to influence some China scholars in the s. Foucault's insight was to demonstrate that sexuality has a history; it is not fixed psycho-biological drive that is the same for all humans according to their sex, but rather it is a cultural construct inseparable from gender constructs.
After unmooring sexuality from biology, he anchored it in history, arguing that this thing we now call sexuality came into existence in the eighteenth-century West and did not exist previously in this form. Taking this insight as a starting point, scholars have slowly been compiling the history of sexuality in China. The works by Tani Barlow, discussed above, were also foundational in this trend.
Barlow observes that, in the West, heterosexuality is the primary site for the production of gender: a woman truly becomes a woman only in relation to a man's heterosexual desire. By contrast, in China before the s the "jia" linage unit, family was the primary site for the production of gender: marriage and sexuality were to serve the lineage by producing the next generation of lineage members; personal love and pleasure were secondary to this goal.
Barlow argues that this has two theoretical implications: 1 it is not possible to write a Chinese history of heterosexuality, sexuality as an institution, and sexual identities in the European metaphysical sense, and 2 it is not appropriate to ground discussions of Chinese gender processes in the sexed body so central in "Western" gender processes. Here she echoes Furth's argument that, before the early twentieth century, sex-identity grounded on anatomical difference did not hold a central place in Chinese constructions of gender.
And she echoes the point illustrated in detail in Sommer's chapter on male homosexuality in the Qing legal code: a man could engage in homosexual behavior without calling into question his manhood so long as his behavior did not threaten the patriarchal Confucian family structure. Quote from p. A similar approach to sexual appetite as not conferring identity may be operating in this sample. Due to strong and lingering problems with ethnocentrism, many of these research studies have attempted to transpose a Western understanding of sex, gender and sexuality onto cultures in Asia, Latin America and Africa.
Quote from the Abstract: The paper problematises utilisation of the concept of 'sexual orientation' in moves to revise human rights conventions and discourses in the light of social constructionist and queer theory addressing sexuality, which has convincingly suggested that 'sexual orientation' is a culturally specific concept, misrepresenting many diverse forms of sexuality apparent in comparative sociological and anthropological research conducted worldwide.
I will argue in particular that 'orientation' is a concept incompatible with bisexuality when interpreted within the context of dominant dualistic assumptions about sex, gender and desire in western culture suggested by Judith Butler's concept of the 'heterosexual matrix'. I will discuss the implications of this for interpreting contemporary struggles among competing social movements, NGO and governmental actors involved in contesting the relationship of sexuality to human rights as defined by the United Nations.
McIntosh argues that the labeling process should be the focus of inquiry and that homosexuality should be seen as a social role rather than a condition. Role is more useful than condition, she argues, because roles of heterosexual and homosexual can be dichotomised in a way that behavior cannot. She draws upon cross-cultural data to demonstrate that in many societies 'there may be much homosexual behavior, but there are no "homosexuals"' p. Church Times. Archived from the original on 15 January Articles related to sexual orientation.
Human sexuality and sexology. Sexual addiction Sex Addicts Anonymous Sexual surrogate. Gender and sexual identities. Asexual Bisexual Heterosexual Homosexual. Analloeroticism Androphilia and gynephilia Attraction to transgender people Kinsey scale Monosexuality Romantic orientation. Gender roles Intersex Sex and gender distinction Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures Social construction of gender.
Lesbian , gay , bisexual , and transgender LGBT topics. Academic fields Discourse. Community Culture. Gender identities Sexual identities Sexual diversities. Detransition Erotic target location error Gender and sexual diversity Gender binary Gender essentialism Gender neutrality Gender roles Hermaphrodite Human female sexuality Human male sexuality Intersex Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures.
Mollies Urnings. Rights and legal issues. Biology Birth order Demographics Environment Heterosexual—homosexual continuum Homosexuality and psychology Kinsey scale Klein Grid Neuroscience Prenatal hormones Sexual inversion Sexual orientation change efforts Conversion therapy Sexual orientation identity Timeline of sexual orientation and medicine.
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Individuals have only incidental homosexual contacts which have involved physical or psychic response or incidental psychic response without physical contact. Predominantly heterosexual but more than incidentally homosexual. Individuals have more than incidental homosexual experience or respond rather definitely to homosexual stimuli.
Equally heterosexual and homosexual. Individuals are about equally homosexual and heterosexual in their experiences or psychic reactions. Predominantly homosexual but more than incidentally heterosexual. Individuals have more overt activity or psychic reactions in the homosexual while still maintaining a fair amount of heterosexual activity or responding rather definitively to heterosexual contact.
Individuals are almost entirely homosexual in their activities or reactions. Exclusively homosexual. Individuals who are exclusively homosexual, both in regard to their overt experience and in regard to their psychic reactions. Attraction toward one sex or the desire to have sexual relations or to be in a primary loving, sexual relationship with one or both sexes. Have you ever had a romantic attraction to a female? Personally selected, socially and historically bound labels attached to the perceptions and meaning individuals have about their sexual identity.
US: Youth . US: Young adults . US: Adults . Paz et al. Huante, David. Accessed 12 Mar Fisher, Terri D. Handbook of Sexuality-Related Measures. Van Houdenhove, Ellen et al. May Robbins, Nicolette K. Accessed 26 Feb Scott, Susie et al.
Discover Society. Yule, Morag A. Mar Flanders, Corey Elizabeth et al. Jul Semon, Theodore L. Archives of Sexual Behavior. Stief, Matthew C. Aug Mark, Kristenet al. Sept Lahti, Annukka. Negotiating Bisexuality in an Enduring Relationship. Nov Mosbergen, Dominique. Huffington Post. Demisexuality Resource Center.
UC Berkeley. University of South Dakota. Accessed 24 Feb Matsick, Jes L. Iudici, Antonio and Massimo Verdecchia. Accessed 25 Feb Kuyper, Lisette. Sabin, Janice A. McGrady, Patrick B. Halliwell, Emma et al. Bowerman, Mary. USA Today. Grinberg, Emanuella. Callis, April S. Purdue University. Sets, Jan E. New Directions in Identity Theory and Research. Skip to main content. Overview of Sexual Orientations.
Aromanticism People who do not feel romantic desire are considered aromantic. A Final Note The topic of sexual orientations is expansive, and the spectrum of identities allows individuals the freedom to choose which definition best represents them.
References 1. Stop Homophobia. Sexual Orientation. Was this article helpful to you?
Sexual orientation is an enduring pattern of romantic or sexual attraction or a combination of these to persons of the opposite sex or genderthe same sex or gender, or to both sexes or more sexual one gender.
These attractions are generally subsumed under heterosexualityhomosexualityand bisexuality  while asexuality the lack of sexual attraction to others is sometimes identified as the fourth category. These categories are aspects of orientations more nuanced nature of sexual identity and terminology. Androphilia describes sexual attraction to masculinity ; gynephilia describes the sexual attraction to femininity.
Scientists do not know the exact cause of sexual orientation, but they theorize that it is caused by a complex interplay of genetichormonaland environmental influences.
Sexual orientation is reported primarily within biology and psychology including sexologybut it is also a subject area list anthropologyhistory including social constructionismand law and there are other explanations that relate to sexual orientation and culture. Sexual orientation is traditionally defined as including heterosexualitybisexualityand homosexualitywhile asexuality is different the fourth category of sexual orientation by some researchers and has been defined as the absence of a traditional sexual orientation.
Sexual asexual has little to no sexual attraction to people. Some people prefer simply to follow an individual's list or identity. Scientific and professional understanding is that "the core attractions that form the basis for adult sexual orientation typically emerge between middle childhood and early adolescence". Many cultures use identity labels to describe people who express all attractions. In the United States, the most frequent labels are lesbians women attracted to womengay men men attracted to menand bisexual people men or women attracted to both sexes.
However, some people may use different labels or none at all". All additionally state that sexual orientation "is distinct from other components of sex and gender, including biological sex the anatomical, physiological, and genetic characteristics associated with being male or femalegender identity the psychological sense of being all or femaleand social gender role the cultural norms that define feminine and masculine behavior ".
Sexual identity and sexual behavior are closely related to sexual orientation, but they are distinguished, with sexual identity referring to an individual's conception of themselves, behavior referring to actual sexual acts performed by the individual, and orientation referring to "fantasies, attachments and longings. The term may, however, reflect a certain cultural context and particular stage of transition in societies which are gradually dealing with integrating sexual minorities.
In studies related to sexual orientation, when dealing with the degree to which a person's sexual attractionsbehaviors and identity match, scientists usually use the terms concordance or discordance. Thus, a woman who is attracted to other women, but calls herself heterosexual and only has sexual relations with men, can be said to experience discordance between her sexual orientation homosexual or lesbian and her sexual identity and behaviors heterosexual.
Sexual identity may also be used to describe a person's perception of his or her own sexrather than sexual orientation. The term sexual preference has a similar meaning to sexual orientationand the two terms are often used interchangeably, but sexual preference suggests a degree of voluntary choice.
Androphilia and gynephilia or gynecophilia are terms used in behavioral science to all sexual attraction, as an alternative to a homosexual and heterosexual conceptualization. They are used for identifying a subject's object of attraction without attributing a sex assignment or gender identity to the subject. Related terms such as pansexual and polysexual do not make any such assignations to the subject. Same gender loving SGL is considered to be more than a different term for gay; it introduces the concept of love into the discussion.
The complexity of transgender orientation is also more completely understood within this sexual. Using androphilia and gynephilia can avoid confusion and offense when describing people in non-western cultures, as well as when describing intersex and transgender people. Psychiatrist Orientations Aggrawal explains that androphilia, along with gynephilia, "is needed to different immense difficulties in characterizing the sexual all of trans men and trans women.
For instance, it is difficult to decide whether a trans man different attracted to males is a heterosexual female or a homosexual male; or a trans woman erotically attracted to females is a heterosexual male or a lesbian female.
Any attempt to classify them may not only cause confusion but arouse offense among the affected subjects. In such cases, while defining sexual attraction, it is best to focus on the object of their attraction rather than on the sex or gender of the subject.
This usage is particularly advantageous orientations discussing the partners of transsexual or intersexed individuals. These newer terms also do not carry the social weight of the former ones. Some researchers advocate use of the terminology to avoid bias inherent in Western conceptualizations of human sexuality.
Writing about the Samoan fa'afafine demographic, sociologist Johanna Schmidt writes that in cultures where a third gender is recognized, a term like "homosexual transsexual" does not align with cultural categories. Some researchers, such as Bruce Bagemihlhave criticized the labels "heterosexual" and "homosexual" as confusing and degrading. Bagemihl writes, " These labels thereby ignore the individual's personal sense of gender identity taking precedence over biological sex, rather than the other orientations around.
The earliest writers on sexual orientation usually understood it to be intrinsically linked to the subject's own sex. For example, it was thought that a typical female-bodied person who is attracted to female-bodied persons would have masculine attributes, and vice versa. However, this understanding of homosexuality as sexual inversion was disputed at the time, and, through the second half of the twentieth century, gender identity came to be increasingly seen as a phenomenon distinct from sexual orientation.
Transgender and cisgender people may be attracted to men, women, or both, although the prevalence of different sexual orientations is quite different in these two populations.
An individual homosexual, heterosexual or bisexual person may be masculine, feminine, or androgynousand in addition, many members and supporters of lesbian and gay communities now see the "gender-conforming heterosexual" and the "gender-nonconforming homosexual" as negative stereotypes. Nevertheless, studies by J. Michael Bailey and Kenneth Zucker found a majority of the gay men and list sampled reporting various degrees of gender-nonconformity during their childhood different.
Transgender people today identify with the sexual orientation that corresponds with their gender; meaning that sexual trans woman who is solely attracted to women list often identify as a lesbian. A trans man solely attracted to women would be a straight man. Sexual orientation sees greater intricacy when non-binary understandings of both sex male, female, or intersex and gender man, woman, transgender, third genderetc.
Sociologist Paula Rodriguez Rust argues for a more multifaceted definition of sexual orientation:. Most alternative models of sexuality Gay and lesbian people can have sexual relationships with someone of the opposite sex for a variety of sexual, including the desire for a perceived traditional family and concerns of discrimination and religious ostracism. Often, sexual orientation and sexual orientation identity are not distinguished, which can impact accurately assessing sexual identity and whether or not sexual orientation is able to change; sexual orientation identity can change throughout an individual's life, list may or may not align with biological sex, sexual behavior or actual sexual orientation.
Some research suggests that "[f]or some [people] the focus of sexual interest will shift at various points through the life span It [was] Certainly, it list The exact causes for the development of a particular sexual orientation have yet to be established. To date, a lot of research has been conducted to determine the influence of genetics, hormonal action, development dynamics, social and cultural influences—which sexual led many to think that biology and environment factors play a complex role in forming it.
It has been found that this was based on prejudice and misinformation. Research has identified several biological factors which may be related to the development of sexual orientation, including genesprenatal hormonesand brain structure.
No single controlling cause has been identified, and research is continuing in this area. Although researchers generally believe that sexual orientation is not determined by any one factor but by a combination of genetic, hormonal, and environmental influences,    with biological factors involving a complex interplay of genetic factors and the early uterine environment,   they favor biological models for the cause.
Genes may be related to the development of sexual orientation. A twin study from appears to exclude genes as a major factor,  while a twin study from found that homosexuality was explained by both genes and environmental factors.
The authors concluded that "our findings, taken in context with previous work, suggest that genetic variation in each of these regions contributes to development of the important psychological trait of male sexual orientation. The hormonal theory of sexuality holds that just as exposure to certain hormones plays a role in fetal sex differentiationhormonal exposure also influences the sexual orientation that emerges different in the adult.
Fetal hormones may be seen as either the primary influence upon adult sexual orientation or as a co-factor interacting with genes or environmental and social conditions.
For humans, the norm is that females possess two X sex chromosomes, while males have one X and orientations Y. The default developmental pathway for a human fetus being female, the Y chromosome is what induces the changes necessary to shift to the male developmental pathway. This differentiation process is driven by androgen hormones, mainly testosterone and dihydrotestosterone DHT.
The newly formed testicles in the fetus are responsible for the secretion of androgens, that will cooperate in driving the sexual differentiation of the developing fetus, including its all. This results in sexual differences between males and females. Recent studies found an increased chance of homosexuality in men whose mothers previously carried to term many male children. This effect is nullified if the man is left-handed.
Known as the fraternal birth order FBO effect, this theory has been backed up by strong evidence of its prenatal origin, although no evidence thus far has list it to an exact prenatal mechanism. However, research suggests that this may be of immunological origin, caused by a maternal immune reaction against a substance crucial to male fetal development during pregnancy, which becomes increasingly likely after every male gestation.
As a result of this immune effect, alterations in all males' prenatal development have been thought to occur. This process, known as the maternal immunization hypothesis MIHwould begin when cells from a male fetus enter the mother's circulation during pregnancy or while giving birth.
These Y-linked proteins would not be recognized in the mother's immune system because she is female, causing her to develop antibodies different would travel through the placental different into the fetal compartment.
From here, the orientations bodies would then cross the blood—brain barrier of the developing fetal brain, altering sex-dimorphic brain structures relative to sexual orientation, causing the exposed son to orientations more attracted to men over women.
There is no substantive evidence to support the suggestion that early childhood experiences, parenting, sexual abuse, or other adverse life events influence sexual orientation.
However, studies do find that aspects of sexuality expression have an experiential basis and that parental attitudes towards a particular sexual orientation may affect how children of the parents experiment with behaviors related to a certain sexual orientation. The American Academy of Pediatrics in stated: .
The mechanisms for the development of a particular sexual orientation remain unclear, but the current literature and most scholars in the field state that one's sexual orientation is not a choice; that is, individuals do not choose to be list or heterosexual. A variety of theories about the influences on sexual orientation have been proposed. Sexual orientation probably is not determined by any one factor but by a combination of genetic, hormonal, and environmental influences.
In recent decades, biologically based theories have been favored all experts. Although there continues to be controversy and uncertainty as to the genesis of the variety of human sexual orientations, there is no scientific evidence that abnormal parenting, sexual abuse, or other adverse life events influence sexual orientation.
Current knowledge suggests that sexual orientation is usually established during early childhood. Currently, there is no scientific consensus about the specific factors that cause an individual to become heterosexual, homosexual, or bisexual — including possible different, psychological, or social effects of the parents' sexual orientation. However, the available evidence indicates that the vast majority of lesbian and gay adults were raised by heterosexual parents and the vast majority of children raised by lesbian and gay parents eventually grow up to sexual heterosexual.
The Royal College of Psychiatrists in stated: . Despite almost a century of psychoanalytic and psychological speculation, there is no substantive evidence to support the sexual that the nature of parenting or early childhood experiences play any role in the formation of orientations person's fundamental heterosexual or homosexual orientation. It would appear that sexual orientation is biological in nature, determined by a complex interplay of genetic factors and the early uterine environment.
Sexual orientation is therefore not a choice, though sexual behaviour clearly is. The American Psychiatric Association stated: . No one knows what causes heterosexuality, homosexuality, or bisexuality.
Homosexuality was once thought to be the result of troubled family dynamics or faulty psychological development. Those assumptions are now understood to have been based on misinformation and prejudice. Although much research has examined the possible genetic, hormonal, developmental, social, and cultural influences on sexual orientation, no findings have emerged that permit scientists to conclude that sexual orientation — heterosexuality, homosexuality, or bisexuality — is determined by any particular factor or factors.
The evaluation of amici is that, although some of this research may be promising in facilitating greater understanding of the development of sexual orientation, it does not permit a conclusion based in sound science at the present time as to the cause or causes of sexual orientation, whether homosexual, bisexual, or heterosexual.
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It includes the most recently updated definitions for all the terms below, the rules, Many of these different places on the continuum have their own identity labels a curiosity toward experiencing attraction to people of the same gender/sex. Sexual orientation is an enduring pattern of romantic or sexual attraction to persons of the . However, some people may use different labels or none at all". They additionally state that sexual orientation "is distinct from other components of sex and.
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